Not mentioned in the Reuters article is the effect the law is likely to have on student voters, as most WI student IDs have been disallowed for use as voting identification at the polling place, though some of those restrictions are being challenged via the WI Government Accountability Board (G.A.B.), the state's top election authority, who are interpreting the new measure.
The League of Women Voters sued on Thursday to block a new Wisconsin law requiring voters to present identification such as a drivers license at polling places, saying it would disenfranchise eligible voters.
The lawsuit, filed in Dane County Circuit Court, argues the state constitution allows only convicted felons and the mentally incompetent to be excluded from voting.
The new law creates a third class of people, those who do not have ID, said Andrea Kaminski, Wisconsin League of Women Voters Executive Director. Critics of the law say it would mainly affect minorities and the elderly, who may not have ID.
Though the WI bill that was jammed through the state legislature by the Republicans who control it and signed by Gov. Scott Walker (R) allows for voters to receive "free" Photo ID at state DMV offices, many of the state's office are infrequently open, and some voters have documented difficulties in obtaining the free IDs even where they were able to take time from work or school and find a way to get to the DMV to go through the tedious process.
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In July we reported on the story of a new voter whose residency was challenged after DMV officials rifled through his bank statement to determine whether there had been enough "activity" in the bank account to assure his residency. We also reported in the same story that state officials had explicitly instructed DMV workers to not notify applicants that their ID would be given to them for free, unless they specifically asked for it for the express purpose of voting. Otherwise, a $28 fee would be assessed on top of any costs incurred by the applicant, such as purchasing a copy of their birth certificate or passport or making their way to the DMV.
Kristina Boardman, Director of WisDOT's Bureau of Field Services explained to The BRAD BLOG at the time that the reason they've instructed DMV staffers to not ask applicants if the ID is to be used for voting purposes is because "the statutory language specifically puts the onus on the customer for getting the ID for free for voting."
The frustrating experience of the hopeful voter at the DMV was documented in a video tape recorded during the process which we posted along with our story.
As we also detailed previously, a 2005 study [PDF] by the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee's Employment and Training Institute found that Democratic-leaning voters such as the elderly, ethnic minorities and college students are likely to be hit much harder by the new law than middle and upper-class white voters...
An estimated 23 percent of persons aged 65 and over do not have a Wisconsin drivers license or a photo ID. The population of elderly persons 65 and older without a drivers license or a state photo ID totals 177,399, and of these 70 percent are women. ... An estimated 98,247 Wisconsin residents ages 35 through 64 also do not have either a drivers license or a photo ID.
Minorities and poor populations are the most likely to have drivers license problems. Less than half (47 percent) of Milwaukee County African American adults and 43 percent of Hispanic adults have a valid drivers license compared to 85 percent of white adults in the Balance of State (BOS, i.e., outside Milwaukee County). The situation for young adults ages 18-24 is even worse --- with only 26 percent of African Americans and 34 percent of Hispanics in Milwaukee County with a valid license compared to 71 percent of young white adults in the Balance of State.
Only 65 percent of adults in Milwaukee County have a current and valid Wisconsin drivers license, compared to 83 percent of adults in the Balance of State.
At UWM, Marquette University, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a total of 12,624 students live in residence halls, but only 280 (2 percent) have drivers licenses with these dorms' addresses.
Overall, the AFL-CIO summarized the following details from the same report...
[T]hose without state-issued photo IDs who would need to obtain one to vote under the Voter ID Bill include:
- 23 percent of Wisconsinites over the age of 65.
- 17 percent of white men and women.
- 55 percent of African American males and 49 percent of African American women.
- 46 percent of Hispanic men and 59 percent of Hispanic women.
- 78 percent of African American males age 18-24 and 66 percent of African American women age 18-24.
Today's Reuters report on the non-partisan League of Women Voters' lawsuit adds...
There are, indeed, likely to be many more such challenges to the law in WI and the dozen or so other states where Republican legislative majorities and governors have jammed through similar voter-suppression measures in advance of the 2012 election cycle.
The Wisconsin voter ID law was part of an ambitious agenda championed by Walker this year, also including curbs on the power of public unions, spending cuts and easing restrictions on concealed weapons.
A Milwaukee resident, Adib Khatib Timbuktu, has challenged the law in federal court, saying it violates the equal protection guarantees of the U.S. Constitution.
Jennie Bowser, a senior fellow at the council of state legislatures, said she expects the number of challenges nationwide to grow following the November, 2012 elections.
In addition to Wisconsin, states now attempting to impose strict Photo ID requirements for voters at the polling place (absentee voters face no such restrictions) include Georgia, Indiana, Tennessee, South Carolina, Texas, and Kansas.
Former Nixon Administration counsel John Dean, who tipped us off to the new lawsuit in WI via Twitter, says "more such actions [are] needed."
We concur. As we reported in September, new Photo ID restrictions recently passed in South Carolina and in Texas are currently being questioned by the U.S. Department of Justice. The laws are being examined for pre-clearance by the federal agency to determine if they may have a regressive affect on minority voters, as both states must receive federal approval for new voting laws under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Wisconsin is not covered by the same section of the VRA, so a lawsuit brought by a non-governmental organization such as the League of Women Voters may be necessary to block the disenfranchising new law and help to ensure that all legal voters who wish to vote in 2012 are able to do so.