Over 100 law professors sent an open letter to Congress and the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) saying they need to "protect the rule of law and the nation's sovereignty" in trade agreements like the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
While TPP is still secret, leaks and precedent indicate that it will contain provisions allowing giant, multinational corporations to bypass our country's legal system. These provisions will allow these multinational corporations to sue governments, including ours, in "corporate courts" if they decide to pass laws and regulations that restrain the profits of these giant corporations, such as efforts to help citizens quit smoking.
The provisions in question are called investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) and let corporations take cases to a tribunal made up of corporate attorneys instead of civil courts. These attorneys will then decide if countries have passed laws or imposed regulations, including health, environmental, labor, consumer and other protections that cause these companies to lose profits.
The law professors' letter asks Congress and the USTR to ensure that language is not included in proposed trade agreements like the TPP.
The letter concludes:
ISDS threatens domestic sovereignty by empowering foreign corporations to bypass domestic court systems and privately enforce terms of a trade agreement. It weakens the rule of law by removing the procedural protections of the justice system and using an unaccountable, unreviewable system of adjudication.
The letter was organized and released by the Alliance for Justice.