If you went by the GEO Group's description, you'd never know the "Karnes County Residential Center" in Karnes City, Texas, is actually a jail for undocumented immigrants. According to the world's leading provider of "correctional and detention management and community reentry services," Karnes County Residential Center is "a safe, clean, and family friendly environment for families under the care of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)."
The women detained within the detention center describe it differently.
In the past year alone, horrendous stories have emerged from Karnes, like the story of Nayely, the 7-year-old girl with terminal brain cancer whom ICE refused to release from the detention center for treatment, even after her mother passed a credible fear interview, which usually makes the person qualified for asylum. In October 2014, accusations of sexual abuse in the Karnes detention center surfaced, with multiple women alleging they were removed from their cells during early morning hours for the purpose of being sexually assaulted. It has also been alleged that women detainees were kissed, fondled and groped in front of other detainees, including children.
News stories are one thing, but nothing paints a more accurate picture of the horrors taking place inside Karnes than the words of the women imprisoned inside. In a powerful new project inspired by the work of an organization called End Family Detention, activists and artists have been centering these women's words, moving beyond the statistics to humanize the horrors of detention.
Letters From Inside
"Letters From Inside" could not have happened without the labors of Iris Rodriguez, a Chicana multimedia activist who worked with other organizations and attorneys representing detained women to smuggle out letters they wrote that detail the conditions inside.
Rodriguez is the web master at End Family Detention, a digital library composed of a network of families, volunteers, pro bono lawyers, social justice organizers and digital activists dedicated to raising awareness and promoting action to end family detention.
Every time she got a new letter from a woman imprisoned in a detention center, she digitized and uploaded it to her site. Then the letters were translated by volunteers in order to reach a wider audience.
"We have to put real faces to these stories; they are not just statistics."
"It's critically important that the voices we're hearing in these letters comes from brown women," Rodriguez said. "So often, the stories that get reported about 'immigrants' lack historical context; we don't hear about the colonized history of indigenous women. Being able to take their words and digitize them for the world to see, saving the letters from being burned and forgotten, is a radical act."
She added that "family detention centers" primarily house women and children. More broadly, women are disproportionately affected by the broken immigration system, the human rights abuses in detention centers and the deportation of members of their family.
In June, End Family Detention posted exactly the kind of letter ICE doesn't want people to see. It was a letter from Lilian Oliva, a 19-year-old mother who was discovered in a family detention center bathroom bleeding from cuts to her wrist. Oliva came to the United States to escape violence in her native Honduras, only to spend eight months in detention and eventually get deported by the Obama administration - but not without first giving End Family Detention permission to post her suicide note. In part, it read:
I come here so this country can help me but here you've been killing me little by little with punishment and lies in prison when I haven't committed any crime ... Maybe you are not fathers or mothers to understand the reasons and the suffering that we live in this place together with our children. You would not like to be locked up in a place like this the way we are here suffering with our children.
Stories like Oliva's are sadly common. As journalist Michelle Chen recently wrote for The Nation, women are being held for months in inhumane detention centers just for fleeing violence and other hardships in their countries of origin.
Yahaira Carrillo's mother was one of these women. Leaving Mexico shortly after the Mexico City earthquake, fleeing an abusive relationship, Carrillo's mother made her way to the United States with a 1-year-old Carrillo in tow. Carrillo would go on to become a central part of the undocumented student movement that began to emerge around 2010. She was one of the first undocumented students in US history to risk deportation while participating in an act of civil disobedience in Sen. John McCain's office, a decision that landed her in ICE processing, unsure if she would be placed in deportation proceedings.
Carrillo is now managing director of CultureStrike, an artists' network and national nonprofit organization focusing on immigrant rights. After Carrillo and other CultureStrike employees took a border trip earlier this year, meeting with artists and organizers to discuss how living on the border impacts the way communities facing detention function, CultureStrike decided it wanted to tackle a new project that would shine a light on the stories they were hearing.
Mariposas Sin Fronteras, a group based in Tucson, Arizona, that seeks to end the systemic violence and abuse of LGBTQ people held in prison and immigration detention, shared letters with CultureStrike from LGBTQ detainees. The organization facilitated a letter writing program in local detention centers to help detainees feel less alone. For Carrillo, a queer, undocumented woman, the letters hit home.
"The letters were so powerful and raw and when we returned to Oakland, we kept going back to letter writing when brainstorming ideas," Carrillo said. "I know for a fact that if I were placed in detention after my arrest, I would have relied on writing. There is nothing else in there. There's nothing to do to get out of your own head because there's no way to communicate with anyone on the outside if you don't have money to use the phone. If no one knows you're in there, if no one visits you, it's like you don't exist. Now imagine months of that. In some cases, it's years. Letter writing becomes an outlet, something that feels liberating when you're being imprisoned."
Telling a Visual Story
Using letter writing as an entry point to tell a visual story, CultureStrike partnered with Rodriguez for "Visions From Inside," which uses letters collected and published by End Family Detention as a source of inspiration for 15 artists, each of whom illustrated a detainee's letter. Throughout the project, artists received feedback from authors of these letters via their attorneys, ensuring that the illustrations stayed true to their stories.
"We believe it's important to illustrate things in a way that is visual and impactful and this project in particular upsets the usual 'migrant as subject' paradigm," Carrillo said. "'Visions From Inside' makes the migrant both the subject and co-creator because these are their lived experiences; they bring the migrant lens. Non-migrant artists can feel deeply about these subjects, but they don't know what it's like. By being co-collaborators in the process of telling their stories, the migrants can feel more empowered."
The 15 letters that were used for "Visions From Inside" all came from women detained in Karnes detention center. The timing for the project is interesting. If recent headlines are any indication, immigration will continue to be a controversial topic as we move into election season. At the same time, there continues to be a surge of Central American women migrants and unaccompanied minors - young children traveling alone - fleeing violence in their home countries.
According to CultureStrike, those who do survive the dangerous trek from Central America through Mexico are often detained at the US-Mexico border and placed in detention centers like Karnes, where they face the kind of abuse they were attempting to escape in the first place.
It was only last year when presidential candidate Hillary Clinton said that unaccompanied minors should be "sent back." An internal memo from the US Border Patrol from May 2014 reported that 90,000 minors would be apprehended that year and as many as 142,000 this year. These are primarily children from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, sometimes as young as 6 years old, being driven away from their homes by gang-related violence.
Often, immigration is presented as such a polarizing issue, discussed politically in a detached way that makes it clear there is little understanding of how immigration policies ravage migrant families, tearing them apart.
Artist Micah Bazant illustrated a letter from a young mother who is an orphan from Guatemala. The letter writer's husband was murdered, and she and her daughter were also threatened with murder before she left for the United States. In her letter, the woman expresses her desperation, asking for help and saying the water in detention has bleach in it and she doesn't have money to buy water.
In response, Bazant created an image of a mighty waterfall breaking through the prison walls, delivering the wished-for water to the mother and child.
Bazant - a first generation US citizen whose family escaped Nazi Europe - notes that even sympathetic media coverage of immigration often focuses narrowly on the present-day reality of immigration laws being broken.
Insisting on the Humanity of Migrants
CultureStrike sees "Visions From Inside" as an opportunity to get people to see the humanity of migrants, whether they agree or disagree with immigration policies. Carrillo says it doesn't even matter what political party you're a member of.
"That is all besides the point," the managing director said. "We can all understand family. We can understand wanting to be with our families, wanting better for our families. This project highlights loving relationships between people, period."
One of the artists participating in the project is a migrant who was detained at the US-Mexico border with his mother when he was 7 years old. Fidencio Martinez can still remember being in detention, an experience he said was "dehumanizing and demoralizing."
Martinez emerged as an artist around the same time Carrillo emerged as an activist.
"There was a national movement aimed at changing the dialogue around immigrants, specifically undocumented immigrant youth. There were hundreds of DREAMers coming out of the shadows and as an undocumented queer person, I finally had the courage to come out," the artist said.
Two years ago, Martinez applied for deferred action and one of the prerequisites requires proof for nearly every month migrants have been in the United States.
"I had newspaper articles, show invitations, awards and college records. The very work that was criticizing the way immigrants are being treated in the US, I used as proof of my existence," Martinez said.
We need the help of all of you because we feel depressed and forgotten in this place ... Yesterday 10/30/14 to see that 38 families were deported from here after months of being here has made us feel deceived. This country has been deceiving.
Martinez's image is split into 12 black-and-white scenes, each showcasing a small cell featuring nothing more than a bed, a mother and her baby. The artist wanted to focus on a mother and child in hopes of conveying a bigger story.
"Melissa, her sisters and mother traveled hundreds of miles in order to look for a better future. Their mother made that choice because she had to," Martinez said. "I remember how my mother said it was better to die on our way to the US than to die of starvation. Those decisions mean saying goodbye to family, friends, everything you knew for the mere possibility of something better. Women like Melissa made the journey, sacrificed all they knew, only to live a hell at Karnes family prison. We have to put real faces to these stories; they are not just statistics. These are people that have dreams, love, families, and they are being treated like animals."