The death toll in five Southern states rose sharply Thursday morning to nearly 200 after devastating storms ripped through the region, spawning a deadly tornado in downtown Tuscaloosa, Ala., and leaving a trail of flattened homes and buildings in an area already battered by storms.
Across Alabama, at least 128 people were killed — 13 in the Birmingham area alone — and more than 300 injured by storms on Wednesday, said Yasamie August, information manager of the Alabama Emergency Management Agency.
“I would be pretty sure about saying we’ve never had 128 people die in one day,” Ms. August said. “It’s going to be difficult to get an accurate count of damage or injuries at this point. Many people can’t get to a hospital.”
There were at least 32 deaths in Mississippi, and The Associated Press reported 11 deaths in Georgia, 14 in Tennessee and 8 in Virginia.
As the storm churned towards the eastern seaboard on Thursday morning, tornado fears spread as far north as New York State. The National Weather Service issued tornado warnings in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and Maryland, and in Sullivan County, N.Y., northwest of New York City.
In the small community of Concord, west of Birmingham, at least eight people died. That town, along with nearby Oak Grove, took the brunt of the hit, said Mark Kelly, the spokesman for the Jefferson County Emergency Management Office.
Mr. Kelly spoke on Thursday morning in an interview from Pratt City, a northwestern part of Birmingham. He said he was standing amid near-complete devastation: the fire station was damaged, and homes had been flattened. More than 100 police officers and firefighters, most of whom had been up all night, were searching for survivors or people who had died, he added.
As for the death toll in the Birmingham area, Mr. Kelly said, “We certainly expect that number to go up.”
In Mississippi, the sunrise brought new fatality counts as well. So far, 32 deaths have been reported, said Greg Flynn, a spokesman for the Mississippi Emergency Management Agency. He said the number was certain to rise.
In Monroe County, a rural area south of Tupelo, 13 people were killed and more than 40 injured, Mr. Flynn said. Smithville, a town of about 900 near Tupelo, was hit particularly hard, he said.
The tornado in Tuscaloosa, one of several that struck Alabama, ripped through the city at about 5 p.m. Wednesday on a northwest path.
It veered past a major medical center, a high school and the campus of the University of Alabama. Officials said many people were trapped in homes and buildings. They feared that the death toll could rise in the coming days.
Many parts of the state had been on a tornado watch throughout the day Wednesday, prompting schools, government offices and businesses to shut their doors early or remain closed, Mayor Walter Maddox of Tuscaloosa said in an interview Wednesday evening.
“I believe at the end of the day that will have saved many lives,” he said of the emergency measures. “We have so many reports of damage across the city. We do believe it to be significant.”
Mr. Kelly said the storm had picked up speed as it barreled out of Tuscaloosa and headed for the western part of the county, passing north of downtown Birmingham, which was battered by another storm early Wednesday morning.
He said that he had received reports of roofs torn from homes, people trapped in buildings and power lines strewn across Interstate roads, but that crews were just beginning to respond. At least 11 people were killed in Jefferson County on Wednesday, “but we expect that number will go up as search and rescue efforts go on through the night and into tomorrow,” he said.
The damage from the tornadoes was made worse by earlier storms, which left the ground so soaked that instead of the winds just snapping trees and branches, they uprooted entire trees and tossed them onto power lines, said Michael Sznajderman, a spokesman for the Alabama Power Company. He said that at least 335,000 customers were without power, and that with more storms on the way, “the number of outages could be as high as what we saw with Hurricane Ivan or Hurricane Katrina.”
“It has already surpassed Hurricanes Dennis and Frederick,” he said. “We have line crews on the way from as far away as Illinois to assist in the recovery.”
Power losses were widespread across the University of Alabama, where many students were holed up after the tornado swept just south of the campus.
Emily Crawford, a third-year student at the law school, said she had been preparing for an end-of-semester exam when the tornado swirled by. By nightfall she was still at the law school, which had become a refuge for scores of students, many of whom spoke of devastation in their neighborhoods worse than they had seen reported from Hurricane Katrina.
“It is surreal,” Ms. Crawford said. “People are coming up to the law school because they don’t have anywhere else to go. The school is sending buses into town to pick up students and bring them back to campus so they have somewhere safe to stay.”
The tornado was only the latest in a series that have struck the southern United States this week, causing heavy rains and flooding in an area stretching from Texas to Georgia, officials said Wednesday.
By Wednesday, the storms, which started Monday evening, had also left more than 50,000 people without power from East Texas to Memphis and destroyed scores of homes as the system moved east into Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. The storms were expected to weaken before moving into the Carolinas and up the Eastern Seaboard on Thursday and Friday, according to the National Weather Service.
“Folks in the South should be getting some relief,” said Tom Bradshaw, a meteorologist with the service.
By Wednesday afternoon, Arkansas and Alabama had declared states of emergency after scores of buildings suffered significant damage, including many that had their roofs sheared off.
Wind speeds have reached 135 miles per hour, and mobile homes have been tossed about like toys, Mr. Bradshaw said. Accompanying rains and flash flooding have hit northern Arkansas especially hard, killing at least six people since Monday. Some parts of northern Arkansas have received 20 inches of rain during the past four days.
On Wednesday, a levee on the Black River in northeastern Arkansas failed, flooding local highways but causing no fatalities, officials said.
One of the victims killed this week was a Louisiana police officer who died Tuesday night in Mississippi on a camping trip after he was struck by a tree limb ripped off by high winds, emergency officials in Mississippi said. The officer’s name has not yet been released.
Jim Noles contributed reporting from Birmingham, Ala., and J. David Goodman from New York.