On Wednesday, March 18, the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee scheduled to hold a hearing on the 'The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act,' which, if passed, would overhaul how the federal government regulates chemicals. The bill is a product of negotiations between Sen. David Vitter (R-LA) and Sen. Tom Udall (D-NM), who introduced the bill last week. A new MapLight analysis of campaign contributions and lobbying spending has found that the chemical industry, which strongly supports the new legislation, has dramatically expanded its political spending in recent years.
The chemical industry's top spenders have ramped up their campaign contributions as Congress has started overhauling the government's chemical regulations. During the 2014 election cycle, for instance, the top 10 chemical companies and organizations*, including 3M and the American Chemistry Council among others, contributed more than $1 million to current members of the Senate, including to all 17 senators who sponsored or cosponsored the Udall/Vitter legislation.
The bill's 17 sponsors and cosponsors received, on average, nearly 70 percent more money ($15,176) from the companies and organizations during the 2014 election cycle compared to senators who did not cosponsor the bill ($9,049).
Sen. Vitter (R-LA), received $14,000 from the companies and organizations during the 2014 election cycle. He received $58,500 from the companies during the last six years. Additionally, the American Chemistry Council has given $150,000 to a super PAC supporting Sen. Vitter's gubernatorial bid.
- Sen. Udall received $15,000 from the companies and organizations during the 2014 election cycle.
The chemical companies and organizations have also ramped up their lobbying spending. The former chairwoman of Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-CA), told The New York Times that she had "never before seen so much heavy-handed, big-spending lobbying on any issue." The numbers bear that out.
Between 2013 and 2014, the 10 chemical companies and organizations spent more than $154 million lobbyingCongress and the federal government.
In 2014 alone, the 10 companies and organizations spent more than $76 million on lobbying. The top spender, Dow Chemical, spent more than $14 million. Dow, along with other industry giants DuPont, Bayer, and 3M, is a member of the American Chemistry Council, which strongly endorsed the Udall/Vitter legislation.
Notably, campaign contributions and lobbying spending from these 10 companies peaked in the middle of 2013, around the same time the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ) introduced the Chemical Safety Improvement Act. This bill provided the foundation for the Udall/Vitter bill, introduced on May 22, 2013.
The 10 chemical companies and organizations spent their highest amount ever on lobbying, during the third quarter of 2013, the first quarter after the bill was introduced.
Their campaign contributions also dramatically increased after Sen. Lautenberg introduced the bill.
In June 2013, the 10 chemical companies and organizations contributed $84,875 to members of the Senate at the time. The total was nearly 10 percent of the entire amount the companies and organizations contributed to senators during the entire 2014 election cycle.
*MapLight tracked campaign contributions and lobbying spending by the top 10 chemical companies and organizations that spent the most on lobbying in the third quarter of 2013 and lobbied about S.1009, the Chemical Safety Improvement Act. The companies include: 3M, American Chemistry Council, BASF, Bayer, Dow Chemical Company, Dupont, Eastman ChemicalCompany, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Johnson & Johnson, and Koch Industries.
Campaign Contributions Methodology: MapLight analysis of campaign contributions to members of the Senate from the political action committees of the 10 organizations/companies from recently available FEC data from January 1, 2009 through December 31, 2014.
Lobbying Methodology: MapLight analysis of federal lobbying disclosure filings from the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives between January 1, 2008, and March 9, 2015. Lobbying totals represent money paid by an organization to each lobbying firm for services on all issues. Organizations report total lobbying expenses as a lump sum, which includes both in-house lobbying expenses and amounts paid to (and reported by) lobbying firms that they employ. MapLight calculates a given organization's in-house lobbying expenses by subtracting the total income reported by the lobbying firms that it employs from the company's total reported expenses. In general, filers may round their spending and expenses to the nearest $10,000, and we treat the designation of "Less than $5,000" as a value of $0. MapLight updates its lobbying database daily to capture amendments. Full reports are due on the 20th day of January, April, July, and October.