SpeakOut is Truthout's treasure chest for bloggy, quirky, personally reflective, or especially activism-focused pieces. SpeakOut articles represent the perspectives of their authors, and not those of Truthout.

Today marks the one-year anniversary of the first media report based on National Security Agency (NSA) contractor and Government Accountability Project (GAP) client Edward Snowden's disclosures. The whistleblower's revelations sparked a necessary debate over privacy and constitutional rights, and continue to expose the agency's intrusive and unconstitutional surveillance programs.

However, critics continue to proclaim that the whistleblower should have "worked within the system" to report the government's domestic surveillance program. This is a disingenuous and false suggestion. Snowden repeatedly raised concerns internally. More importantly, under current law, intelligence community (IC) government contractors lack any effective rights against retaliation when they report government waste, fraud, and abuse.

Jesse Snodgrass, the teenage special needs student arrested in an undercover police operation will receive his high school diploma at the Chaparral High School graduation ceremony on Thursday, June 5, at 6:30 p.m.

The February 2014 Rolling Stone article, “The Entrapment of Jesse Snodgrass” details how Jesse, who suffers from a range of disabilities, was falsely befriended by a police officer who repeatedly asked the boy to provide him drugs. After more than three weeks, 60 text messages and repeated hounding by the officer, Jesse was able to buy half a joint from a homeless man he then gave to his new – and only – “friend,” who had given him twenty dollars weeks before. He did it once again before refusing to accommodate the officer, at which point the officer broke off all ties with the child. Shortly thereafter, Jesse was arrested at Chaparral High Schoolin front of his classmates as part of a sting that nabbed 22 students in all, many of them children with special needs.

The Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) and Americans for Tax Fairness (ATF) released a report today revealing that Walmart received $104 million in taxpayer subsidies over a six-year period due to tax deductions for “performance-based” executive compensation. During that time, eight top executives pocketed more than $298 million in “performance pay” that was fully tax deductible.

The report comes just days before Walmart’s annual shareholder meeting on Friday, June 6.

The study shows that Walmart was able to lower its federal tax payments by $40 million because of lavish pay packages awarded to just one executive— recently retired CEO Michael Duke. Duke pocketed $116 million in stock options and other performance-based compensation between 2009 and 2014.

Project SALAM (Support And Legal Advocacy for Muslims) and the National Coalition to Protect Civil Freedoms (NCPCF) jointly announce the release of a substantial new study, Inventing Terrorists: The Lawfare of Preemptive Prosecution, about the government's post-9/11 strategy of preemptive prosecution of domestic terrorism cases. Inventing Terrorists is the first study to directly examine and critique preemptive prosecution and its abuses. A press conference to discuss the study's findings and conclusions will take place on Monday, June 9 at 11 a.m. at the Masjid As-Salam, 280 Central Avenue in Albany, New York. All media and interested persons are invited to attend.

The 175-page study was researched and written by Albany attorneys Stephen Downs and Kathy Manley, who are co-founders of Project SALAM and officers of NCPCF. In addition to Downs and Manley, speakers at the press conference will include Marwa Elbially, executive director of the Washington, D.C.-based NCPCF, and Lynne Jackson, president of Project SALAM and designer of that organization's database used in the study.

In George Orwell's "1984" novel, which deals with the rise of an oppressive national security state, a character exclaims: "Always yell with the crowd, that's what I say. It's the only way to be safe." In America, for the safety and intimacy of mob rule, how easy it is to trade in the abilities to reason critically and ask questions about Bowe Bergdahl.

How simplistic it is to also exchange Berghdal's "due process" for a guilty verdict, accusing him of deserting. But now that political leaders, media pundits, and citizens have yelled he be marched in front of a firing squad or sentenced to life imprisonment, below are thirteen other things you need to know about him and the POW exchange.

Washington, DC - Public Citizen and Common Cause today sent letters urging congressional and gubernatorial candidates across the country to take a "People's Pledge" to reject outside spending by non-party groups in their political races.

The pledge is modeled after a similar agreement between then-U.S. Sen. Scott Brown (R-Mass.) and then-candidate Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) in the 2012 Massachusetts U.S. Senate race. The goals are to reduce the negative and often anonymous attack advertisements by groups not affiliated with the candidate, curb the staggering totals of money being poured into elections and to give people back a voice in our elections.

Why are so many Americans woefully ignorant of their nation's history? That perennial question is raised yet again by Timothy Egan in his latest column on the New York Times website.

To prove that the problem is real, Egan cites two pieces of evidence. The first one surely is cause for concern: "a 2010 report that only 12 percent of students in their last year of high school had a firm grasp of our nation's history" (though historians will surely wish that Egan had added a link to the report, so we could track down the source).

General Welsh,

Sir, I write you this day on behalf of the over 37,500 sailor, soldier, marine, airmen, coast guard, service academy, ROTC, OTS/OCS cadet/midshipmen, national guard, reservist and veteran clients of the civil rights organization I lead, the Military Religious Freedom Foundation (MRFF).Approximately 96% of our MRFF clients identify themselves as practicing, non-fundamentalist Protestants or Roman Catholics. 

This number of those afflicted, or having been afflicted, with fundamentalist Christian religious persecution emanating from their military superiors includes almost 15,000 active duty and veteran members of the United States Air Force as well as more than two dozen current senior ranking military and civilian Pentagon officials. MRFF speaks on their behalf because they fear retribution if they try to speak for themselves. I beg you to hear their gravely concerned voices within the words of this letter, sir.

After graduating from the University of Kuwait in 2000, al-Awda became a teacher. Along with other religious Kuwaitis, al-Awda spent his summer vacations in 2000 and 2001 in Pakistan, teaching and helping to distribute charitable donations he had collected at home to villagers near the Afghan border. Just after 9/11, al-Awda called his family to say that he planned to spend a few weeks working with Afghani refugees. U.S. planes began bombing in Afghanistan and a new war began. Al-Awda along with thousands of other Arab volunteers, fled Afghanistan for the Pakistani border. He said that in Kandahar the Taliban representative “told me that was a dangerous place because it was the capital for the Taliban”, and had advised him to go to Logar, in the east of the country, where he had stayed with a family for a month, and left his passport and belongings for safekeeping. Al-Awda fled to the Afghan-Pakistani border and placed himself in the custody of the Pakistani army with the request that they transfer him to the Kuwait Embassy. Instead, he was transferred to U.S. custody and transferred to Guantánamo in late February 2002.

As the Senate Judiciary Committee prepares to consider a Constitutional Amendment to address the issue of unlimited campaign spending by corporations, wealthy donors and other special interests, the FACT (Financial Accountability and Corporate Transparency) Coalition is calling attention to the troubling use of anonymous shell companies in this area.

The Judiciary Committee is holding hearings in the wake of two recent Supreme Court decisions, McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission and Citizens United, both of which have unleashed a torrent of big money into the elections process. However, both of these cases involved companies with identifiable owners.